Königin-Elisabeth-Hospital – Berlin – Germany
Queen Elisabeth of Prussia, originally from Bavaria until she married her way out of Munich. Her hospital was established on April 14, 1843, while she was still queen on account of her husband, Friedrich Wilhelm IV. The “Small-Sick-Children-Preservation-Institution,” as it was called, was based in Mitte at the time and didn’t move to the site we’re concerned with at Oberschöneweide until 1910. It moved to Kreuzberg before that, getting the slightly more palatable name of Elisabeth Children’s Hospital in 1844.
Once it moved to the 130-bed facility at Oberschöneweide (Karlshorster Straße at the time, now Treskowallee), a department for internal medicine and surgery for adults was created and it was renamed the Königin-Elisabeth-Hospital (Queen Elisabeth Hospital) to reflect the new all-inclusive approach to patients.
An epidemic of scarlet fever in 1913 caused severe overcrowding and it was decided after that to reduce the hospital’s less busy kids’ department. hen the First World War broke out and a lot of its doctors and deaconesses were sent off to the fronts to look after patients at the source of their problems. A military hospital with 150 beds was set up alongside the 100-bed civil hospital in Oberschöneweide to cope with patients returned back from the front. If only they’d put the front at the back and met in the middle perhaps they could have avoided all the fighting. I suppose it’s too late to tell them now…
Things weren’t all that much better after the war, what with the depression and hyperinflation and all that. It was 1924 before the hospital could really get going again.
Just when things seemed to be looking up, however, Germany caught Naziitus. It seemed innocuous at first; no one believed the warnings, most were more concerned about preserving their own hides.