Camp de la Transportation – Frans-Guyana
This eerie place / prison of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni or camp of the Transportation
was a penitentiary establishment in French Guiana where prisinors arrived for processing. This prison was the central prison of French Guiana . Part of the site is now restored.
The prison is created by the law of August 26, 1792 which provides for the political deportation in Guyana of “non-oathed ecclesiastics” 1 and ecclesiastics denounced for incivism (law of April 23, 1793) and in 1795 for the enemies of the revolution French , but the maritime blockade imposed by England as well as the numerous epidemics which develop there, lead to the cessation of the application of these measures .
On November 22, 1850 , Louis Napoleon proclaimed: ” 6,000 convicts in our convalescences are imposing enormous burdens on their budgets, increasingly depraving themselves, and constantly threatening society. It seems to me possible to make the pain of forced labor more effective, more moralizing, less expensive, and more humane by using it in the progress of French colonization . “
March 31, 1852 , the first convoy sentenced from Brest to the islands of Salvation .
On February 21, 1858 , the prison of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni was inaugurated on the Maroni river . It consisted of more than 12 buildings (rows of “boxes” containing the cells on either side of the inner courtyard, a hospital, kitchens, staff buildings, laundry and library).
All the convicts coming from metropolitan France first landed at Saint-Laurent and were then divided between the different camps and penitentiaries of Guyana.
On March 16, 1880 , the city of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni, which was a penitentiary commune, was created, the inhabitants of which were almost all released guards or convicts.
In 1912 , the Saint-Laurent Hospital was built.
The prison of Saint-Laurent-sur-Maroni did not close until 1946 , when the whole galleys finally ceased to exist. Its closure was decided by Daladier’s decree-law in 1938.
The site is classified as a historic monument by order of 14 February 1995 .
A famous film about a person who is fallacious sented with a life sentence to the prison of Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni >>> Papillon is a 1973 historical period drama prison film directed by Franklin J. Schaffner. The screenplay by Dalton Trumbo and Lorenzo Semple Jr. was based on the 1969 autobiography by the French convict Henri Charrière. The film stars Steve McQueen as Henri Charrière (“Papillon”) and Dustin Hoffman as Louis Dega. Because it was filmed at remote locations, the film was quite expensive for the time ($12 million), but it earned more than twice that in its first year of release. The film’s title is French for “Butterfly,” referring to Charrière’s tattoo and nickname.